Root Canals

Endodontic treatment, more commonly known as root canal therapy, is necessary when the pulp of your tooth becomes inflamed or infected.

Understanding the Structure of a Tooth

Before understanding how a root canal is performed, it’s necessary to understand the anatomy of a tooth.  Every tooth has a soft inner portion, called the pulp chamber.  The pulp chamber is located inside of the root canal, and holds the nerves of the tooth. While the nerves are responsible for sensitivity to heat or pressure, the nerve is actually superfluous once the tooth emerges above the gums, and can be safely removed.

When Root Canals Become Necessary

When a tooth’s pulp chamber experiences damage or trauma, it can disintegrate and create a cavity for bacteria to multiply. This can be dangerous, as if the infection spreads it could cause an abscessed tooth or an infection that can begin to creep into the jaw. Root canal infections could lead to bone less, drainage complications, and swelling of the face and neck.  By performing a root canal, your dentist is preventing possible permanent damage by nipping the infection in the bud.

Tooth with a healthy root.

When decay or damage goes untreated it can result in an infection to the pulp chamber of the tooth.

After creating a small opening, very small instruments are used to clean and shape the root canal spaces.

The cleaned spaces are filled with a biocompatible material and specialized cement to ensure complete sealing of the root canals.